Plains Planting Guide

The following list is comprised of plants indigenous to the plains area of Mitcham, taken from information compiled by Darrell Kraehenbuehl.

Grasses for the Plains

  • Cyperus gymnocaulos (Spiny Flat Sedge).
  • Cyperus vaginatus (Stiff Flat Sedge).
  • Dianella revoluta (Black Anther Flax Lilly).
  • Dichanthium sericeum (Silky Bluegrass).
  • Isolepis nodosa (Knobby Clubrush).
  • Juncus flavidus (Yellow Rush).
  • Juncus krausii (Sea Rush).
  • Lomandra multiflora (Hard Mat Rush).
  • Neurachne alopecuroidea (Fox Tail Mulga Grass).
  • Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass).
  • Poa crassicaudex (Thick Stemmed Tussock Grass).

Ground Cover for the Plains

  • Anthropodium strictum (Chocolate Lilly).
  • Atriplex suberecta (Lagoon Saltbush).
  • Calocephalus citreus (Lemon Beauty Heads).
  • Calostemma purpereum (Pink Garland Lilly).
  • Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia (Annual Rock Fern).
  • Goodenia albiflora (White Goodenia).
  • Hardenbergia violacea (Native Lilac).
  • Einadia nutans (Climbing Saltbush).
  • Kennedia prostrata (Scarlet Runner).
  • Lavatera plebeia (Australian Hollyhock).
  • Leptorhynchos squamatus (Scaly Buttons).
  • Linum marginale (Native Flax).
  • Lobelia olata (Angled Lobelia).
  • Lotus australis (Austral Trefoil).
  • Psoralea australasica Native Scurf Pea).
  • Psoralea parva (Small Scurf Pea).
  • Ranunculus lappaceus (Native Buttercup).
  • Scaevola albida (Pale Fanflower).
  • Senicio hypoleucus (Pale Groundsell).
  • Teucrium racemosum (Grey Germander).
  • Vittadinia australasica (Sticky New Holland Daisy).
  • Wahlenbergia stricta (Tall Bluebell).

Low Shrubs for the Plains

Acacia acinacea (Wreath Wattle)

Shapely, showy bush to 1.5 metres, it will withstand a wide range of conditions and is particularly attractive during spring when every branch is covered with a mass of bright yellow flowers.

Acacia victoriae (Elegant Wattle)

Tall, dense shrub to 3 metres with blue or pale green leaves, tolerates most conditions. It has very prickly leaves which should be taken into consideration when choosing a planting location.

Adriana klotzchii (Coast Bitter Bush)

Large, spreading shrub to 2 metres, it has dark green glossy leaves with a white underside. Pink flowers appear in spring.

Atriplex semibaccata (Berry Saltbush)

Low spreading plant to 1 metre, blue-green leaves, succulent red and green fruit appear in summer.

Bursaria spinosa (Sweet Bursaria)

Bushy, much branched shrub to 2 metres, olive-green leaves, able to tolerate a wide range of conditions. Large numbers of fragrant, white flowers appear in summer.

Calytrix tetragona (Common Fringe Myrtle)

Small, bushy shrub to 1 metre, able to tolerate all soil conditions. Masses of white or pink flowers appear in clusters in late winter.

Correa glabra (Rock Correa)

Shrub to 1 metre, smooth leaves have a lemon fragrance when crushed, pendulous, red flowers appear in winter.

Dillwynia hispida (Red Parrot Pea)

Slender erect shrub to 1 metre, yellow-orange flowers appear in spring.

Eutaxia microphylla (Mallee Bush Pea)

Twiggy shrub to 1 metre, small blue-green leaves, orange and red flowers in spring.

Goodenia amplexans (Clasping Goodenia)

Spreading shrub to 1.5 metres, heart shaped leaves are sticky and clasp the stem. Yellow flowers in spring and summer.

Goodenia ovata (Hop Goodenia)

Several slender stems grow upward from the base to a height of 1 to 2 metres. Yellow flowers occur most of the year.

Maireana brevifolia (Short Leaved Bluebush)

Shrub to 1 metre, leaves are tiny, succulent and blue-green in colour. Pink flowers occur in summer.

Olearia ramulosa (Twiggy Daisy Bush)

Erect, much branched shrub to 2 metres, dark green leaves with white underside. This is a very adaptable plant which produces white flowers all year round.

Pultenaea largiflorens (Twiggy Bush Pea)

Erect shrub to 1.5 metres, wedge shaped leaves are folded inwards. Spectacular red, orange and mauve flowers occur in winter and spring.

Tall Shrubs for the Plains

Acacia dodonaefolia (Hop Bush Wattle)

Tall, slender shrub to 5 metres with upward curving branches, it has very sticky leaves and yellow flowers which occur in winter and spring.

Acacia paradoxa (Kangaroo Thorn)

Bushy shrub to 3 metres which tolerates a wide range of conditions, rich yellow flowers occur in winter and spring. This plant has two very sharp spines at the base of each leaf which should be taken into consideration when choosing a planting location.

Callistemon seiberi (River Bottlebrush)

Large shrub to 4 metres with branches which droop slightly. Pale yellow flowers occur in summer.

Dodonaea viscosa (Hop Bush)

Erect shrub to 3 metres, it has thin stems with bright green, sticky leaves. It will tolerate a wide range of conditions and has insignificant green flowers which occur in spring and early summer.

Leptospermum lanigerum (Silky Tea Tree)

Upright shrub to 4 metres, it is many branched with soft, blue-green, silky leaves. It has a simple white flower occurring in spring and summer and prefers areas with a good water supply.

Melaleuca brevifolia (Short Leaved Honey Myrtle)

Bushy shrub to 2 metres, flowers are bottlebrush like, white and occur in spring. This plant will tolerate very harsh conditions.

Myoporum montanum (Water Bush)

Very tough shrub to 2 metres, small white flowers with purple spots are replaced with small purple berries.

Xanthorrhoea semiplana (Yacca)

This plant has a very striking appearance with a thick, woody trunk to 2 metres in height which is topped with a dense skirt of long, blue-green leaves. Flowering spikes which extend up to a further 2 metres from the top of the plant add to its striking appearance.

Trees for the Plains

Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood)

Erect tree 10 - 20 metres in height with a rounded, dense canopy. Creamy - yellow flowers appear in Spring. This specimen favours deep, moist soils.

Acacia pycnantha (Golden Wattle)

Fast growing, bushy tree to 8 metres in height. This tree has a spectacular, fragrant floral display from late winter (Australia's floral emblem). It will thrive on poor soils but is often relatively short lived when grown under cultivation.

Acacia retinoides (Wirilda)

Small tree to 6 metres in height of shapely appearance, although not particularly showy, it will flower for most of the year.

Acacia salicina (Willow Wattle)

An attractive tree 8 - 14 metres in height with a weeping habit and a good floral display in winter. This is a highly ornamental, long lived species which will withstand a wide range of soil types.

Callitris preissii (Southern Cypress Pine)

With a mature height of approximately 10 metres this tree grows with a uniform shape and is a very attractive specimen. Although this tree will tolerate most soil types, poorer soils will result in a smaller bushier specimen.

Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River Red Gum)

This is the most widely distributed of all the Eucalypts, occurring in all mainland states. It is a fast growing, extremely long lived tree, flowering during summer and will tolerate most soil types. This is a very large majestic tree, it may attain heights of up to 40 metres, this species is notorious for dropping large limbs and should be considered for planting only in a park setting.

Eucalyptus leucoxylon (South Australian Bluegum)

A large tree up to 25 metres in height, it has an erect habit, pale trunk and an open canopy. Flowers range in colour from cream to deep red and occur in autumn - winter. This is a very adaptable tree which will tolerate most soil types.

Eucalyptus microcarpa (Grey Box)

A variable tree with a mature height of between 6 and 20 metres, it has a rough, fissured trunk and creamy - white flowers which occur in late summer. This tree will adapt to most soil types and has a spreading, open canopy.

Eucalyptus porosa (Mallee Box)

A rough barked tree which may vary in height from 6 to 12 metres depending on the soil quality. This tree has white flowers occurring mostly in summer, it will tolerate all soil types and its spreading habit provides excellent shade.

Pittosporum phylliraeoides (Native Apricot)

A handsome, gracious tree growing to 12 metres in height with a weeping habit. It has a pale grey trunk and sparse, slender branches which often droop to ground level. Its flowers are pale yellow and borne in summer, flowers are followed by attractive orange fruit resembling a small apricot. This tree is easily cultivated and will tolerate a wide range of soil types and climatic conditions.

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